Before the unification of the Nepal, Kathmandu valley was known as Nepal to the outside world. According to recorded history, Nepal has been ruled by the kirat, Lichchhavi, Thakuri, Malla and Shah Dynasties. The lichchhavi’s ruled the country from the beginning of the 1st to the 9th century. The lichchhivis were followed by the thakuri’s, who ruled the country from the 9th to the 14th century, however the architectural excellence of the Kathmandu valley reached its zenith during the later malla period from the 14th century to the 18th century. malla rule came to an end when the Kathmandu valley was conquered by the Gorkha king Prithivi Narayan Shah in 1769 the shah dynasty was established.
But in 1846 taking advantage of a weak king embroiled in intense palace intrigues, Jung Bahadur Rana seized absolute power through a brutal Court massacre and started the rana oligarchy. the rana de facto ruled the country as their fiefdom until they were ousted from power by a popular revolt in 1951 and democracy was established in the country.....
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